This species is endemic to the Ukaguru Mountains in eastern Tanzania, from 1,800 m up to 2,200 m asl. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is just 17 km². The forest patch from which it is known is considered to be a single threat-defined location.
Habitat and Ecology
The species lives in leaf litter on the floor on montane forest. It has not been found outside forest habitats or from other forest (M. Menegon pers comm June 2012). Presumably it is a live-bearing species, like other members of its genus.
It appears to be common within its small range and has was last collected in 2007. However, due to ongoing habitat loss its population is suspected to be decreasing.
The forests in the Ukaguru Mountains are poorly protected, and are threatened by agricultural encroachment and human settlement.
This species occurs in the Mamiwa-Kisara Forest Reserve. The extent of its distribution within the Ukaguru Mountains needs to be assessed and it would be a good candidate for monitoring of population trends. It is listed on CITES Appendix I.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2015. Nectophrynoides laticeps. In: IUCN 2014