Nectophrynoides tornieri
Tornier’s Forest Toad, Kijula
family: Bufonidae

© 2011 Iris Starnberger (1 of 2)

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Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
CITES Appendix I
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs in the Usambara, Uluguru, Nguru, Ukaguru, Mahenge and Udzungwa Mountains, and on Mount Rungwe, in eastern and southern Tanzania. It occurs from 300m (Kimboza Forest in the Uluguru foothills) up to at least 1,800m asl. This species will probably be eventually found throughout the Eastern Arc mountain chain. Some records from the West Usambara Mountains, and some of the specimens from the Uluguru Mountains, which are both included here, probably represent two undescribed species.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in lowland and montane forest, and is found low in the vegetation and on the ground. It can tolerate some disturbance to its habitat, and can survive in banana plantations, but probably not in very open areas. It breeds by internal fertilization, the females retaining the larvae internally in the oviduct until little toadlets are born.


It is one of the most abundant amphibian species in the overall Eastern Arc mountain range.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Its habitat is probably being lost, especially at lower altitudes, due to agricultural encroachment, wood extraction and expanding human settlements. Its habitat in the East Usambaras has recently come under serious threat as a result of the activities of illegal gold miners.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in the Udzungwa National Park and the Amani Nature Reserve. It is listed on CITES Appendix I.


Simon Loader, John Poynton, Kim Howell 2004. Nectophrynoides tornieri. In: IUCN 2014


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