This species occurs in the Pacific Lowlands of Colombia, in the Departments of Antioquia, Choco, and Valle del Cauca, from sea level up to 1,000m.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives mostly on the ground in tropical rainforests, but it can be found also perching on leaves at different levels above ground. It can survive in secondary forest, and in small plantations, but not in open areas. The eggs are laid on the ground, and the larvae are transported to bromeliads by the female.
It is a common species.
The major threats are deforestation for agricultural development, illegal crops, logging, and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. The species is also sometimes collected illegally for the international pet trade and the medicinal trade, but it is not clear that this has a significant impact on its populations.
It occurs in several protected areas. Management practices that could allow a commercial, sustainable harvest of this species should be investigated. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Dendrobates spp. from the wild for breeding (or other) purposes. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.
Wilmar Bolívar, Stefan Lötters, Taran Grant 2004. Oophaga histrionica. In: IUCN 2014