This species is known with certainty only from two localities in Colombia on the western slopes of the Cordillera Occidental: west of Dagua at 850-1,200m on the south-facing versant of the upper Río Anchicayá drainage, Department of Valle del Cauca; and from Alto del Oso near San José del Palmar in the Department of Chocó. Its overall altitudinal range is between 600 and 1,200m asl. Records from the Serrania de Baudo in the Department of Chocó (not mapped) require confirmation.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives mostly on the ground in submontane tropical rainforests, but it can also be found perching on leaves up to 60cm above ground. It is not found in heavily degraded areas, but does occur in mature secondary forest. The eggs are laid on the ground, and the tadpoles are carried on the backs of the females to bromeliads, where they develop. The females feed the tadpoles on unfertilized eggs.
It is a locally common species in its tiny range.
The major threats are habitat loss and degradation, as a result of agricultural development (illegal crops), logging, and human settlement, and pollution, resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. It occasionally appears in the illegal pet trade.
The species occurs in the Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali. Management practices that could allow a commercial, sustainable harvest of this species should be investigated. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Dendrobates spp. from the wild for breeding (or other) purposes.
Lötters (1992b) doubted the distinction of this species from Oophaga histrionica.
Wilmar Bolívar, Fernando Castro, Stefan Lötters 2004. Oophaga lehmanni. In: IUCN 2014