Oreophrynella nigra
Sapito rugoso del Kukenán; Venezeulan pebble toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2006 Dr. Stefan Gorzula (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from Tepuis Kukenan and Yuruaní, in Bolívar State, Venezuela, at 2,300-2,700m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This is a diurnal frog that can be found on rocks in montane tepui environments. It is a communally breeding species, with breeding taking place by direct development in galleries within peat bogs.


It is a common species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

Although there are no current major threats, its restricted range makes it more susceptible to threatening processes such as wildfire.

Conservation Actions

It is recorded from Yuruaní National Monument. There is a need for close population monitoring of this species given that it is restricted to a single location.


Enrique La Marca, Celsa Señaris 2004. Oreophrynella nigra. In: IUCN 2014


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