This species has a very restricted range (only two known localities) in north-western Dominican Republic. Its altitudinal range is 150-175m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found in xeric habitats with broadleaf gallery forest, typically in close proximity to streams. Males call from shallow running water, and eggs are laid in still water. It is not known whether or not animals stay close to streams or spread out into xeric habitats.
It is presumably very rare. It has not been encountered by any herpetologist in the three decades since it was discovered, including by herpetologists who have collected extensively on the island, as recently as 2003 (M. Hernandez pers. comm.).
The species is threatened by habitat destruction from agriculture (crops and livestock) and subsistence wood collection.
It is not known to occur in any protected areas. Additional survey efforts are required to determine whether or not this species survives in the wild.
Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Marcelino Hernandez, Robert Powell 2004. Peltophryne fluviatica. In: IUCN 2014