This species occurs on the western slopes of the Cordillera Occidental in Colombia, in Risaralda, Choco, Valle del Cauca, and Cauca Departments, between 500 and 1,500m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in humid lowland and montane forests, usually occurring near streams, and can survive in logged forest, but not in open areas. The eggs are laid on the ground and the male transports the larvae to streams.
It is an abundant species.
The major threats are: deforestation due to agricultural development, cultivation of illegal crops, logging, and human settlement; introduction of alien predatory fish in streams; and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. It occurs in the international pet trade, but it is not known to what extent this poses a threat to the species. Chytridiomycosis might be a potential future threat.
It occurs in Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali. Management practices that could allow a commercial, sustainable harvest of this species should be investigated. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Phyllobates spp. from the wild in Colombia for breeding (or other) purposes. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.
Wilmar Bolívar, Stefan Lötters 2004. Phyllobates bicolor. In: IUCN 2014