Phyllobates bicolor
Black Leg Poison Dart Frog, Neará
family: Dendrobatidae
subfamily: Dendrobatinae

© 2005 Henk Wallays (1 of 13)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Near Threatened (NT)
CITES Appendix II
Other International Status None
National Status Decree INDERENA No. 39 (July 9, 1985) forbids the collection of Phyllobates species from the wild in Colombia (IUCN 2006).
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species occurs on the western slopes of the Cordillera Occidental in Colombia, in Risaralda, Choco, Valle del Cauca, and Cauca Departments, between 500 and 1,500m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in humid lowland and montane forests, usually occurring near streams, and can survive in logged forest, but not in open areas. The eggs are laid on the ground and the male transports the larvae to streams.


It is an abundant species.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threats are: deforestation due to agricultural development, cultivation of illegal crops, logging, and human settlement; introduction of alien predatory fish in streams; and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. It occurs in the international pet trade, but it is not known to what extent this poses a threat to the species. Chytridiomycosis might be a potential future threat.

Conservation Actions

It occurs in Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali. Management practices that could allow a commercial, sustainable harvest of this species should be investigated. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Phyllobates spp. from the wild in Colombia for breeding (or other) purposes. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.


Wilmar Bolívar, Stefan Lötters 2004. Phyllobates bicolor. In: IUCN 2014


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