This species from eastern Brazil is known from Porto Seguro in the State of Bahia, north to Areia Branca, in the State of Sergipe. It occurs up to 800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives in bromeliads in coastal "Restinga" scrub (including open "Restinga"), and also in secondary lowland moist forest. It is normally found in canopy bromeliads, and only very rarely in bromeliads on the ground or in low vegetation. It breeds by larval development in bromeliads.
It is a very common species.
The major threats are probably related to habitat loss due to agriculture, logging, human settlement, tourism, fire and collection of bromeliads. In Bahia, this species was found to be one of the most threatened by environmental loss (Tinoco et al., 2008)
It occurs in several protected areas.
Oswaldo Luiz Peixoto, Bruno Pimenta 2010. Phyllodytes melanomystax. In: IUCN 2014