This species' geographic range is South America, east of the Andes, including much of the Amazon basin, and it occurs as far south as northern Argentina. It is not present in the Amazonian areas of Ecuador or Peru. It occurs from the lowlands up to 1,500m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a nocturnal species that perches on shrubs and herbaceous vegetation in seasonally flooded grasslands and open habitats in tropical dry forests. It is also common in secondary vegetation near moist sites. Males call from bushes in, and at the edges of temporary ponds in the forest, with most individuals perched within 1m of the surfaces of the ponds. Nests have been found at the beginning of the rainy season about 1m above the water of small pools. The eggs are deposited on leaves above the water; tadpoles develop in temporary waterbodies. It has been recorded from urban areas in Bolivia.
It is an abundant species.
Extreme levels of habitat degradation, such as forest clear-cutting, fires, over-grazing by cattle, commercial agriculture might be impacting some local populations, but this species is adaptable, and there are probably no significant threats to its survival at present. It is sometimes found in the international pet trade but at levels that do not currently constitute a major threat.
It is present in numerous protected areas, and can survive well in urbanised areas.
The southern subspecies Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis azurea is probably a distinct species (D. Cannatella pers. comm.).
Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Débora Silvano, Norman Scott, Lucy Aquino, Enrique La Marca, Jorge Céspedez, Esteban Lavilla 2010. Phyllomedusa hypochondrialis. In: IUCN 2014