This species can be found in the Amazon basin in Venezuela, southern Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, and central and western Brazilian Amazonia. Its altitudinal range is 0-450m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a nocturnal species that is usually found perched on branches usually about 1-3m, but sometimes up to 7m, above temporary ponds. Eggs are laid on leaves and tadpoles develop in pools. At Santa Cecilia, Ecuador, individuals were found in forest at night (Duellman, 1978). At Yasuní National Park, Ecuador, individuals have been found in open areas and floodable forests (Ron, 2001). Occurs in second and old growth forest and disturbed habitats around ponds. It has been observed breeding in cesspools.
It is common throughout its range.
Habitat loss/destruction and forest clear-cutting are major threats. Native peoples consume it but this activity does not threaten population levels.
Some populations are found within protected areas. In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with Reserva de Producción de Faunística Cuyabeno, Reserva Biológica Limoncocha, and Parque Nacional Yasuní.
Specimens from Estado Bolívar, Venezuela, agree with characters for Phyllomedusa tarsius from the Amazon Basin. Duellman (1997) doubted that the population on Trinidad (the type locality of P. trinitatis) were distinct from P. tarsius.
Enrique La Marca, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, César Luis Barrio Amorós 2004. Phyllomedusa tarsius. In: IUCN 2014