This species can be found in Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname and Amazon Basin from northeastern Brazil to Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, northern Bolivia and Venezuela (at Baría river, base of Cerro Neblina, Amazonas state). The dot-map of distribution in French Guiana is provided in Lescure and Marty (2001). Its altitudinal range is 0-450m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is usually found on trees and bushes next to streams or permanent waterbodies in tropical rainforest. Eggs are found on leaves and tadpoles migrate into the water. At Santa Cecilia, Ecuador, specimens of this species were found in primary forest and secondary forest at night, where adults were on bushes and trees (Duellman, 1978). At Yasuní National Park, Ecuador, this nocturnal species has been found in inundated forest and open areas and terra firme forest (Ron, 2001).
It is common to abundant throughout its range.
Habitat destruction and degradation might be a threat to some populations, but overall it is not threatened.
Conservation units are present within the range of this species. In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with Reserva de Producción Faunística de Cuyabeno, Reserva Biológica Limoncocha, and Parque Nacional Yasuní. Venezuelan populations are protected within Sierra de La Neblina National Park.
Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Robert Reynolds, Enrique La Marca, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2010. Phyllomedusa vaillantii. In: IUCN 2014