This species occurs in only one locality, Cerro Bufalo, Quebrado de Oro, Sierra Nombre de Dios, Departamento Atlantida in north-central Honduras, between 930 and 1,550m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
A stream-breeding species, it has been found along streams in premontane wet forest.
It is moderately uncommon and appears to be in decline.
Habitat destruction, due to smallholder farming activities and subsistence wood collection, and landslides represent major threats to this species. Tadpoles have been found infected with the chytrid fungus, and this is probably the cause of the recently observed decline.
The only known locality is within Parque Nacional Pico Bonito. Further survey work is required to monitor the population status and trends of this species; in view of the severe risk of chytridiomycosis, ex-situ populations might need to be established.
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Franklin Casteñeda 2004. Plectrohyla chrysopleura. In: IUCN 2014