This species is only known from the region of the type locality in the municipality of El Cairo, in Valle del Cauca and Chocó departments, Colombia, from 1,900-2,250m asl. It is unlikely to have a much wider distribution, as surveys of nearby areas have not found the species.
Habitat and Ecology
It is usually abundant on vegetation along small streams in primary and secondary cloud forests; it has not been recorded outside forest. It breeds by direct development.
It is a common species.
There are no known threats to the species at present, as its known distribution is currently conserved within a protected area.
The type locality is within Regional Reserve Serrania de los Paraguas. Maintenance of the species' habitat is essential to its long-term survival given its restriction to forest habitats. There is a need for close population monitoring of this species.
This taxon has previously been confused with Pristimantis calcaratus (Lynch 1998).
Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch 2004. Pristimantis kelephas. In: IUCN 2014