This species is known from Páramos del Angel and Chamizo, Carchi Province, in extreme northern Ecuador, at elevations of 3,000-4,150m asl. More survey work, including in nearby Colombia, might turn up additional localities for this species.
Habitat and Ecology
It can be found in sub-páramo and páramo habitats, and is also found in secondary forest. It is a fossorial species that breeds by direct development.
In 2000, it was noted as being uncommon in Chamizo. In 2002-2003, Páramos del Angel was burned and subsequent visits have failed to find this species.
The major threat is habitat destruction and degradation, primarily due to agriculture and wood extraction. Severe fire damage might have extirpated this species from Páramos del Angel.
It is not recorded from any protected areas, but may occur in the Reserva Ecológica El Ángel. There is a need for the protection of the high-elevation páramo habitat of this species.
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Mario Yánez-Muñoz, Fernando Nogales 2004. Pristimantis ocreatus. In: IUCN 2014