This species is known only from the upper elevations (1,800-2,500 m asl) of the Uluguru Mountains in eastern Tanzania. It is unlikely to occur more widely (S. Loader pers. comm. June 2012). Taking range as a proxy for extent of occurrence (EOO), this is estimated to be 444 km
Habitat and Ecology
It is a species of montane grassland which also occurs marginally in montane forest, where it lives on the ground and is semi-fossorial. It tolerates marginally disturbed habitats (S. Loader and K. Howell pers. comm. June 2012). The eggs are deposited under grass tufts in burrows where they breed by direct development without a larval stage (S. Loader pers. comm. June 2012).
It is a locally relatively common species (S. Loader pers. comm. June 2012). Its population is not considered to be severely fragmented.
It is very likely to be adversely affected by ongoing forest loss, especially due to subsistence small-scale agriculture, and pole cutting and logging (S. Loader pers. comm. June 2012). Montane grasslands are susceptible to human-induced fires and this species could therefore be affected (K. Howell pers. comm. June 2012).
It occurs in the Uluguru Nature Reserve. Although this reserve is relatively well protected in comparison to other protected areas in the region, there is still a need for increased protection and improved management (S. Loader pers. comm. June 2012). More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status and natural history.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Probreviceps uluguruensis. In: IUCN 2014