AMPHIBIAWEB
Pseudophilautus leucorhinus
family: Rhacophoridae
subfamily: Rhacophorinae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Extinct (EX)
CITES No CITES Listing
Other International Status None
National Status Extinct
Regional Status None

 

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Description
This species is known only from the preserved holotype (Lichtenstein and Martens 1856).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Sri Lanka

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
Endemic to Sri Lanka; the type locality and habitat are not known, as the collecting locality was described only as "Ceylon" by Lichtenstein and Martens (1856).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
It presumably bred by direct development, like other members of the genus Pseudophilautus (Stuart et al. 2008).

Trends and Threats
Extensive field surveys have not turned up any living representatives of this species; it is believed to be extinct. The exact cause for extinction is not known. Habitat loss (via deforestation) is thought to be a major factor (Stuart et al 2008).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss

Comments
Specimens from the Western Ghats of India which were previously described as Pseudophilautus leucorhinus have now been referred to Pseudophilautus wynaadensis (Bossuyt and Dubois 2001; Manamendra-Arachchi et al. 2004).

References

Bossuyt, F., and Dubois, A. (2001). ''A review of the frog genus Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae, Rhacophorinae).'' Zeylanica, 6, 1-112.

Lichtenstein, M. H. C., and Von Martens, E. C. (1856). Nomenclator Reptilium et Amphibiorum Musei Zoologici Berolinensis. K├Âniglich Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Berlin.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Biju, S.D., and de Silva, A. (2004). Philautus leucorhinus. In: IUCN 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 10 March 2009.

Stuart, S., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Berridge, R., Ramani, P., and Young, B. (eds) (2008). Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Edicions, IUCN, and Conservation International, Barcelona, Spain; Gland, Switzerland; and Arlington, Virginia, USA.



Written by Krystal Gong (mskgong AT sfsu.edu), San Francisco State University
First submitted 2009-02-23
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2010-09-28)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2010 Pseudophilautus leucorhinus <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/4426> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 23, 2017.



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 23 Oct 2017.

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