AMPHIBIAWEB
Rana tarahumarae
Tarahumara Frog
Subgenus: Zweifelia
family: Ranidae
Taxonomic Notes: This species was placed in the genus Lithobates by Frost et al. (2006). However, Yuan et al. (2016, Systematic Biology, doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syw055) showed that this action created problems of paraphyly in other genera. Yuan et al. (2016) recognized subgenera within Rana for the major traditional species groups, with Lithobates used as the subgenus for the Rana palmipes group. AmphibiaWeb recommends the optional use of these subgenera to refer to these major species groups, with names written as Rana (Aquarana) catesbeiana, for example.

© 2011 Timothy Burkhardt (1 of 6)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
NatureServe Status Use NatureServe Explorer to see status.
CITES No CITES Listing
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

 

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Description
With a maximum snout-vent length of 102 mm, it is a large member of the Rana boylii group. Its distinquishing characteristics include an inner but no outer metatarsal tubercle, dorsolateral folds usually absent but occasionally present and poorly developed, an indistinct usually tympanium, and no vocal sacs in males. In addition, R. tarahumarae is pustulose and has a brown dorsum with small black or brown spots on the body, with white crossbars on the fron and hind limbs. The ventral body surface is white, the throat and chest can sometimes by gray with an indefinite melanophore pattern, and yellow con be present in the groin area. The tips of the toes are just a little bit expanded, and the toes are broadly webbed to the tips. In males, the first digit is enlarged and has a nuptial pad, but they lack vocal sacs.

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico, United States

U.S. state distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Arizona

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
The range extends from the south-central edge of Arizona through the Sierra Madre Occidental of eastern Sonora to southwestern Chihuahua and nothern Sinaloa.
The habitat of R. tarahumarae includes canyon streams, some of which may only hold water in small, isolated pools in the dry season. The species is associated with oak woodland, tropical deciduous forest and pine forest vegetation, and occurs only between 1500 and 6000 feet.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
The larvae are at least 97 mm long, and have a greenish gray color, with prominent black spots on the tail fin and musculature. They have a labial fringe which is indented at the corners of the mouth and has a large gap in its anterior edge. They have a maximmum of five upper and three lower rows of labial teeth.

References

Zweifel, R. G. (1963). ''Rana tarahumarae (Boulenger). Tarahumara Frog.'' Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 66.1-66.2.



Written by Franziska Sandmeier (franturtle AT yahoo.com), UC Berkeley
First submitted 2001-02-23 (2001-06-04)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2001 Rana tarahumarae: Tarahumara Frog <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/5165> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 26, 2017.



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 26 Sep 2017.

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