AMPHIBIAWEB
Ranitomeya fantastica
Crowned Poison Frog, Red-headed Poison Frog
family: Dendrobatidae
subfamily: Dendrobatinae

© 2007 Danté B Fenolio (1 of 18)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
CITES Appendix II
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This Peruvian endemic occurs north of the Río Mayo and along the Río Huallaga, in the Regions of San Martín and Loreto, Peru. Northernmost populations can be found along the Río Panapura, near Yurimaguas, while the northern spur of Cordillera Azul near Chazuta comprises the southernmost limit of its range (J. L. Brown, E. Twomey and T. R. Kahn pers. comm. July 2011). It has an altitudinal range of 180-1,200 m asl (J. L. Brown, E. Twomey and T. R. Kahn pers. comm. July 2011). It is known from 13 geographical localities and threat-defined locations (J. L. Brown pers. comm. July 2011), and its extent of occurrence is estimated to be about 5,318 km

Habitat and Ecology

It is a diurnal species found only in older secondary growth and primary wet forests where arboreal phytotelms are common (J. L. Brown, E. Twomey and T. R. Kahn pers. comm. July 2011). This frog uses phytotelmata (water-holding plants) to breed, where females usually deposit 2-5 eggs ( J. L. Brown pers. comm. July 2011) and males will then guard and tend the eggs, and later transport and deposit larvae (J. L. Brown, E. Twomey and T. R. Kahn pers. comm. July 2011). Some subpopulations are quite arboreal (J. L. Brown, E. Twomey and T. R. Kahn pers. comm. July 2011). It is not known to occur in overly modified habitats (J. L. Brown, E. Twomey and T. R. Kahn pers. comm. July 2011).

Population

It appears to be rare or uncommonly seen within its range (J. L. Brown, E. Twomey and T. R. Kahn pers. comm. July 2011), although on occasion it can be locally abundant (J. L. Brown pers. comm. July 2011). Individuals are collected for the pet trade. Its global population is not considered to be severely fragmented following IUCN's guidelines.

Population Trend

Unknown

Major Threats

Harvesting for the international pet trade is an important ongoing threat, but so is habitat loss. Much of this frog's habitat is close to human settlements, making it more vulnerable to habitat destruction and degradation.

Conservation Actions

This species occurs in the Cordillera Escalera Regional Conservation Area (J. L. Brown pers. comm. August 2011), although it is not known to what degree the area's boundaries are enforced. However, given habitat loss outside this area and within the species' range, habitat protection should be prioritized. The implementation of conservation and management programmes is important. There is a management programme under way for the species (ASPRAVEP Project). Monitoring of harvest levels for the pet trade is needed, as is legislation regulating trade and enforcement of this legislation. Ranitomeya fantastica is covered in Appendix II of CITES as Dendrobates fantasticus.

Taxonomic Notes

The nominal form formerly referred to as Ranitomeya fantastica was found to be a complex of three closely related species: Ranitomeya fantastica, Ranitomeya benedicta and Ranitomeya summersi (Brown et al. 2008). R. fantastica is herein reassessed considering this change in taxonomic concept.

Citation

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group, 2012. Ranitomeya fantastica. In: IUCN 2014

 

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