This species has been documented from six localities, most of which are in the Tamshiyacu–Tahuayo Communal Reserve of northeastern Peru, except for two records: one from Río Yavari and another further south from nearby Genaro Herrera (Brown et al. 2011). Areas south of Río Yavari remain under-studied (Brown et al. 2011), so there is a possibility that this species may occur here as well as in neighbouring Brazil. The elevational range of the area is likely not much higher than 500 m asl. Its range, taken as a proxy for extent of occurrence (EOO), is estimated at 10,344 km
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in old-growth and secondary tropical forest. This species appears to have similar life-history traits as other members of the vanzolinii species group. Adults (presumably males) have been observed carrying single tadpoles in the vicinity of Guzmania bromeliads (Brown et al. 2011). Males have been heard calling regularly throughout the day and eggs are found in bromeliads (Brown et al. 2011).
This species occurs in the Reserva Comunal Tamshiyacu-Tahuayo. Research is needed into the extent of its distribution, ecology, population and how trade may affect this species.
Previous taxonomic uncertainties regarding this species have now been resolved and its taxonomic status appears to be valid (Brown et al. 2011). It is considered to be in the Ranitomeya vanzolinii species group by Brown et al. (2011).
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2014. Ranitomeya flavovittata. In: IUCN 2014