This species is known from a single locality in the eastern cordilleras of south-eastern Darién Province in Panama adjacent to Colombia, extending into extreme north-western Colombia at Los Katios in Choco Department. It is a lowland species that ranges up to 1,400m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is a terrestrial inhabitant of both humid lowland and lower montane forest, although it is not known from secondary habitats. Its breeding behaviour is unknown; it might breed by direct development if it is like other members of its genus.
There is no information available on its population status.
All known populations are in protected areas, but there are presumably populations outside protected areas that are likely to be threatened by deforestation for agricultural development, cultivation of illegal crops, logging, and human settlement, and also by pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops.
It has been recorded from Parque Nacional Darién in Panama, and Parque Nacional Natural Los Katios in Colombia.
Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor, Taran Grant 2004. Rhinella acrolopha. In: IUCN 2014