Rhinella amabilis
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


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From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known only from elevations of 2,050-2,200m asl in the Loja Basin, an inter-Andean valley in Loja Province, Ecuador (Pramuk and Kadivar 2003). It is likely to have a restricted distribution, and recent surveys confirm this.

Habitat and Ecology

The species has been collected in small pools and irrigation canals. Little is known of its habitat requirements or ecology, but breeding is presumed to take place in freshwater by larval development.


Past collections indicate that the species was fairly common at areas nearby creeks, even near plantations; however, surveys undertaken between 1989 and 2001 failed to find the species. It appears that it has not been collected since 1968, and a serious decrease might have taken place.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The apparent declines of this species might in part be due to the modification of much of the Loja basin area for agriculture, urbanization, and other regional development. It appears that populations of this toad in the area surrounding Provincia Loja have been severely affected by human activities (Pramuk and Kadivar 2003). Disease might also be a factor but there is no evidence to confirm this.

Conservation Actions

The species is not known to occur within a protected area. More exhaustive searches are needed to determine the population status of this species.


Luis A. Coloma 2006. Rhinella amabilis. In: IUCN 2014


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