The type is known from Benjamin Constant, Brazil, specimens assigned to this species have also been recorded from Leticia, Colombia; central Peru; northern Ecuador. Colombian specimens have been recorded from 100-200m asl; Ecuadorian specimens have been recorded up to 300m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This is generally a terrestrial species of primary lowland and premontane tropical moist forest (including terra firme forest) (Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994). Breeding takes place in slow moving or stagnant waters.
This is a rare species throughout most of its range. Brazilian populations are not known.
There is some localized habitat loss to general human activities such as agriculture (crops, livestock etc.), but these are not considered major threats.
It is present in several protected areas. In Ecuador it has been recorded from Cuyabeno Reserva de Producción Faunística; in Colombia it is known from Chiribiquete and el Pure National Parks. It is not known from protected areas of Peru or Brazil.
There are significant differences among the specimens currently assigned to Rhinella dapsilis. Further systematic work is urgently required to resolve these difficulties.
Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Marinus Hoogmoed, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Fernando Castro, Jose Vicente Rueda, Diego Cisneros-Heredia, Javier Icochea, Ariadne Angulo 2004. Rhinella dapsilis. In: IUCN 2014