This species occurs in Jujuy, Ledesma and Calilegua in Argentina from 1,000-1,700m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is restricted to montane forests (Yungas). It occurs on the ground and reproduces in slow-flowing streams where the larvae also develop. Its tolerance to habitat disturbance is not known.
It is a rare species, but it is nevertheless recorded on a regular basis.
The main threats include selective logging and clear cutting of primary forests, the introduction of predatory fish (trout), and the alteration of watersheds.
Some populations are protected in Parque Nacional Calilegua, which was created to preserve a representative part of the Yungas forest. Strengthened protection of this reserve, and expanded protection of other remaining habitat, is recommended.
Esteban Lavilla 2004. Rhinella gallardoi. In: IUCN 2014