Rhinella schneideri
Cururu Toad, Rococo Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2011 Carlos Henrique Luz Nunes de Almeida (1 of 32)

  hear call (330.3K MP3 file)
  hear call (430.8K MP3 file)

  hear Fonozoo call

[call details here]

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status Least Concern
National Status Least Concern
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Cordoba, Santa Fe, and Tucumán), Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil (from Ceará to Río Grande do Sul), Paraguay, and Uruguay (Artigas, Salto, Paysandu, Río Negro, and Soriano). It is known from 0-2,000m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It is widespread, found in various habitats, including the Chaco, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest regions, although it occurs mainly in open and urban areas. It has been observed eating bees at hives. It breeds in permanent and temporary ponds where the tadpoles also develop, and prefers still waterbodies without much vegetation. Males calls at night from the edge or within the water. It adapts well to anthropogenic disturbance.


It is very common. Its range appears to be contracting in northern Cordoba and Jujuy, Argentina.

Population Trend


Major Threats

There are no known threats to this species, except for the elimination of this species by apiculturists when they see it, but this is only a localized threat. It is sometimes found in the international pet trade but at levels that do not currently constitute a major threat.

Conservation Actions

Taxonomic work to determine whether or not this represents a species complex is needed. It occurs in several protected areas.


Lucy Aquino, Steffen Reichle, Guarino Colli, Norman Scott, Esteban Lavilla, Jose Langone 2004. Rhinella schneideri. In: IUCN 2014


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