This species is known from Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Cordoba, Santa Fe, and Tucumán), Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil (from Ceará to Río Grande do Sul), Paraguay, and Uruguay (Artigas, Salto, Paysandu, Río Negro, and Soriano). It is known from 0-2,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is widespread, found in various habitats, including the Chaco, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest regions, although it occurs mainly in open and urban areas. It has been observed eating bees at hives. It breeds in permanent and temporary ponds where the tadpoles also develop, and prefers still waterbodies without much vegetation. Males calls at night from the edge or within the water. It adapts well to anthropogenic disturbance.
It is very common. Its range appears to be contracting in northern Cordoba and Jujuy, Argentina.
There are no known threats to this species, except for the elimination of this species by apiculturists when they see it, but this is only a localized threat. It is sometimes found in the international pet trade but at levels that do not currently constitute a major threat.
Taxonomic work to determine whether or not this represents a species complex is needed. It occurs in several protected areas.
Lucy Aquino, Steffen Reichle, Guarino Colli, Norman Scott, Esteban Lavilla, Jose Langone 2004. Rhinella schneideri. In: IUCN 2014