This species ranges from northern and central Somalia, through eastern Ethiopia, Djibouti and Eritrea, northwards through Sudan to extreme southeastern Egypt (vicinity of Gebel Elba only). It occurs from sea level up to 1,800 m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is a species of extremely arid localities, and is often found far from the nearest permanent water. It breeds in temporary pools in desert and semi-desert savannah, gheltas (permanent pools at the foot of cliffs or in the mouth of caves) and in water in caves. It can be found deep in burrows during droughts, it emerges from these to breed after rains.
It is apparently very common and widespread in Somalia, and has been reported as numerous near Port Sudan, but is somewhat rarer and more localized in Ethiopia and Eritrea. It is highly localized and rare in Egypt.
The most likely threat is the increase in human expansion and settlement, with the resulting increase in populations of domestic livestock impacting breeding pools.
It occurs in the Awash National Park in Ethiopia, in the Elba protected area in Egypt, but it is not in any protected areas in Somalia.
IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2013. Duttaphrynus dodsoni. In: IUCN 2014