This species occurs on the Atlantic slopes of southern Mexico and northern Central America from Oaxaca and southern Veracruz through northern Chiapas, Mexico, and into El Peten and northern Alta Verapaz in Guatemala, and also Belize (from 300-1,200m asl). It is likely to occur more widely than current records suggest.
Habitat and Ecology
It can be found in vegetation in humid mid-altitude and montane forests, and also occurs in secondary forest. It breeds in temporary pools and streams, and in depressions in logs that fill up with water.
It is uncommon, but its population is stable in suitable habitat, in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala. Recent surveys in Oaxaca, Mexico, indicate that it has disappeared from some localities.
Habitat destruction is taking place in much of its range. The recently documented decline in Oaxaca has taken place in suitable habitat, and could be due to chytridiomycosis.
It occurs in several protected areas in Belize, and in the Reserva de Manantiales Montañas del Mico in Guatemala. It is also found in the Reserva de la Biósfera El Ocote, and the Reserva de la Biósfera Montes Azules in Mexico, although more forest protection is needed in Mexico. Further monitoring needs to be conducted to determine whether or not the recently documented decline is due to chytridiomycosis.
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Julian Lee, Manuel Acevedo, Paul Walker 2004. Smilisca cyanosticta. In: IUCN 2014