Smilisca puma
Cross-banded Treefrog
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae

© 2017 Twan Leenders (1 of 7)

  hear Fonozoo call

Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Least Concern (LC)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species can be found from the Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica and adjacent Nicaragua, at 15-520m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

It lives in lowland tropical rainforest, and has also been found breeding in very disturbed habitats, including pastures (Gerardo Chaves and Brian Kubicki pers. comm.). Males call throughout the rainy season, from shallow water and low bushes, usually hidden in vegetation. Breeding takes place in small, shallow temporary pools or ponds (Savage 2002).


It has been considered uncommon, but regularly recorded in Costa Rica. However, a study in 2006 found this species to be abundant in northern Costa Rica (Mahmoot Sasa unpublished data).

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat is habitat loss and degradation due to small- and large-scale agriculture and logging. The forests of south-eastern Nicaragua have been less altered than those on the Costa Rican side of the border.

Conservation Actions

The range of this species includes several national parks and other protected areas.


Federico BolaƱos, Gerardo Chaves, Brian Kubicki, Javier Sunyer 2010. Smilisca puma. In: IUCN 2014


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