This species is known only from two specimens, one collected in Parque Estadual Intervales, and the other in Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho, both in São Paulo State, Brazil.
Habitat and Ecology
It is presumed to be an inhabitant of moist tropical forest. One of the specimens was collected in an epiphytic bromeliad 10cm above the ground. It is presumed that egg deposition either occurs in pools in tree cavities, or in pools on the forest floor.
Since it is known only from two specimens, the population status of this species cannot be determined.
The threats to this species are not known. Although the only known populations are in protected areas, it is also likely to occur in areas where its habitat is being lost.
This species has been recorded from two protected areas: Parque Estadual Intervales and Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho.
This species was previously within the genus Phrynohyas which was recently synonymized with Trachycephalus (Faivovich et al. 2005).
Jose Pombal 2004. Trachycephalus lepidus. In: IUCN 2014