AMPHIBIAWEB
Werneria preussi
Buca Small-tongue Toad
family: Bufonidae
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Endangered (EN)
CITES No CITES Listing
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

 

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Description
Werneria preussi is a medium sized toad. Its snout is obliquely truncate. Warts may be present at the angle of the mouth. The hind legs have moderate webbing that is more developed in males than in females. Males have nuptial pads when breeding (Rödel et al. 2004).

Coloration: Males and young females have brick red, yellowish or grey broad dorsolateral bands that run from the eyelid to the groin area. The flanks are brown or black but may have clear spots on lower flanks in the females. The venter is dark brown. Males are spotted with white and yellow. Males may have large clear spots on the posterior venter. The thighs have blackish transversal bars (Rödel et al. 2004).

Tadpole Morphology: Tadpoles have flattened bodies and have moderately to well-developed oral discs that allow them to attach themselves to rocks in swift streams (Graybeal and Cannatella 1995).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Cameroon, Togo

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.
W. preussi is native to Cameroon and possibly Togo, but its presence there is uncertain. It has been found on the lower slopes of Mount Cameroon from 700-1,200 ft above sea level and on Mount Kupe approximately 900 ft above sea level. It lives in rocky mountain streams and around waterfalls in submontane forests and in degraded secondary habitats. It breeds in streams and only lives in and around water (Stuart et. al. 2008).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
This species breeds in mountain streams and can always be found in or near the water. It lays unpigmented eggs in strings, which are attached to rocks (Wells 2007).

During the daytime, the toads will hide in spaces below stones. During the night, they climb on rocks (Rödel et al. 2004).

This species mostly feeds on beetles (Rödel et al. 2004).

Trends and Threats
Because of increasing agriculture development and human settlement, this species is at risk due to the loss of its natural habitat. It currently does not occur in any protected areas. An ecotourism project has been established at Mount Kupe in order to reduce hunting and agricultural expansion. The area has been proposed as a Strict Nature Reserve (Stuart et al. 2008).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

General habitat alteration and loss
Intensified agriculture or grazing
Urbanization

Comments
This species was once placed in the genus, Bufo (Rödel et al. 2004).

References

Graybeal, A., and Cannatella, D.C. (1995). ''A new taxon of Bufonidae from Peru, with descriptions of two new species and a review of the phylogenetic status of supraspecific bufonid taxa.'' Herpetologica, 51(2), 105-131.

Rödel, M.-O., Schmitz, A., Pauwels, O.S.G. and Böhme (2004). ''Revision of the genus Werneria Poche, 1903, including the descriptions of two new species from Cameroon and Gabon (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae).'' Zootaxa, 720, 1-28.

Stuart, S., Hoffmann, M., Chanson, J., Cox, N., Berridge, R., Ramani, P., and Young, B. (eds) (2008). Threatened Amphibians of the World. Lynx Edicions, IUCN, and Conservation International, Barcelona, Spain; Gland, Switzerland; and Arlington, Virginia, USA.

Wells, K. D. (2007). The Ecology and Behavior of Amphibians. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.



Written by Teresa West, Mingna (Vicky) Zhuang (west127 AT hotmail.com), CSU Stanislaus
First submitted 2011-06-23
Edited by Brent Nguyen (2012-04-29)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2012 Werneria preussi: Buca Small-tongue Toad <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/433> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 18, 2017.



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 18 Oct 2017.

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