AmphibiaWeb - Ambystomatidae
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  Ambystomatidae (see family information on Tree of Life site)

32 species in 1 genus

Mole Salamanders

Medium to large terrestrial salamanders (up to 340 mm in Ambystoma tigrinum ), occurring only in North America from southern Canada south to Mexico City. This family includes metamorphosing as well as facultative and obligate paedomorphic (maintaining juvenile traits as adults) species, such as the famous Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum ). Paedomorphs are confined to aquatic habitats and can be induced to metamorphose by the addition of iodine into their habitat. Polyploidy and gynogenetic lineages also occur within this family. The majority of the species in this family spend most of the year underground in rodent burrows and emerge only on rainy nights to mate and feed. Ambystomatid salamanders are famous for the migration of large numbers of individuals to mating ponds. Some morphological characters are: 1) lacrimal bone absent; 2) exoccipitals, prootics, and opisthotics fused; 3) vomerine teeth may be in a transverse orientation in the mouth.


Ambystoma tigrinum
Photo by John White
(Click for details)

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Genus Ambystoma (32 species)
Ambystoma altamirani no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma amblycephalum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ambystoma andersoni AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma annulatum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma barbouri AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma bishopi AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma bombypellum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ambystoma californiense AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ambystoma cingulatum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma dumerilii AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma flavipiperatum no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma gracile AmphibiaWeb account photos sound/video
Ambystoma granulosum no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ambystoma jeffersonianum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma laterale AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma leorae no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ambystoma lermaense no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma mabeei AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma macrodactylum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma maculatum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma mavortium AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma mexicanum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma opacum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma ordinarium AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma rivulare no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma rosaceum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma silvense no AmphibiaWeb account no photos no sound/video
Ambystoma talpoideum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma taylori no AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma texanum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma tigrinum AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video
Ambystoma velasci AmphibiaWeb account photos no sound/video


Citation: AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2014. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. Available: http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: 2014).

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