AmphibiaWeb - Afrixalus stuhlmanni


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Afrixalus stuhlmanni (Pfeffer, 1893)
family: Hyperoliidae
genus: Afrixalus

© 2015 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 21)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Least Concern (LC)
National Status None
Regional Status None



View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.

A small, slender savanna Afrixalus (males 15-21 mm, females 17-25 mm), from eastern Africa. The gular disc is rounded to transversely oval and weakly granular. Dorsal asperities very weak, none on tibia, generally confined to head and anterior dorsum in the subspecies A. s. stuhlmanni, but abundant in the subspecies A. s. brachycnemis. Ventrally, asperities confined to the mentum. Above silvery yellow with a dark lateral band. There is a pair of slightly convergent dark lines from the rump over the back to between the eyes. Tibia has a dark band along its lower exposed surface and often an isolated longitudinally-biased dark streak in the lighter area. The subspecies A. s. brachycnemis has a more variable pattern (Pickersgill 2007).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, United Republic of, Zambia


View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
A. s. stuhlmanni occurs from coastal Kenya to lowland eastern Tanzania, and A. s. brachycnemis is known from Malawi and eastern Zambia. Both subspecies prefer grassy pools and marshes in humid shrubland, mixed farmland and savanna (IUCN 2006).

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
This species breeds in marshes, shrub-dominated wetlands, and permanent pools (IUCN 2006). The voice is a series of high-pitched clicks (Pickersgill 2007). For A. s. brachycnemis, the eggs are placed on grass leaves but observations indicate that the leaves are not glued together (Schiøtz 1999).

Possible reasons for amphibian decline

Local pesticides, fertilizers, and pollutants

This species is referred to as Afrixalus sp. in older publications (Schiøtz 1974; Schiøtz 1999; Poynton and Broadley 1987). It has been split by Pickersgill (2005) into two subspecies: A. s. stuhlmanni from coastal Kenya to lowland eastern Tanzania, and A. s. brachycnemis from Malawi and eastern Zambia. Poynton (2006) regards the two as distinct species, however.


IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2006. Global Amphibian Assessment: Afrixalus stuhlmanni. Accessed on 23 August 2008.

Pickersgill, M. (2005). ''The taxonomy and ethology of the Afrixalus stuhlmanni complex (Anura: Hyperoliidae).'' Steenstrupia, 29(1), 1-38.

Pickersgill, M. (2007). Frog Search: Results of Expeditions to Southern and Eastern Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Poynton, J. (2006). ''On dwarf spiny reedfrogs in Tanzanian eastern lowlands (Anura : Afrixalus) : short communication.'' African Journal of Herpetology, 55(2), 167-169.

Poynton, J. C. and Broadley, D. G. (1987). ''Amphibia Zambesiaca 3. Rhacophoridae and Hyperoliidae.'' Annals of the Natal Museum, 28, 161-229.

Schiøtz, A. (1974). ''Revision of the genus Afrixalus (Anura) in Eastern Africa.'' Vedenskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 137, 9-18.

Originally submitted by: Arne Schiøtz (first posted 2008-08-23)
Edited by: Kellie Whittaker (2008-10-01)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2008 Afrixalus stuhlmanni <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Sep 25, 2023.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 25 Sep 2023.

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