Nectophrynoides vestergaardi Menegon, Salvidio & Loader, 2004
Vestergaard's Forest Toad
|Species Description: Menegon M, Salvidio S, Loader SP 2004 Five new species of Nectophrynoides Noble 1926 (Amphibia Anura Bufonidae) from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania. Trop. Zool. 17:97-121|
© 2005 Martin Vestergaard (1 of 1)
Description: N. vestergaardi has short, slender limbs. The tympanum is easily seen. Raised parotid glands are present that are equally as long as wide and also have dark edges. Toes and fingertips can be rounded or pointed. The fingers are only slightly webbed and toes are partially webbed (Menegon, et al. 2004).
Coloration: The dorsal side is light with the lateral sides being darker. Many individuals have a dark stripe running down the dorsum (Menegon et al. 2004).
Coloration in Preservative: In preservative, the dorsal ground color is light brown, and the lateral sides darker. The ventral side is pale cream, and the ventral side of the chin is cream (Menegon, et al. 2004).
Variation: There is little variation in the dorsal pattern among individuals or between sexes. The dorsal skin does show some variation between smooth and rough (Menegon et al. 2004).
Distribution and Habitat
Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Tanzania, United Republic of
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
It is presumed to have internal fertilization and direct development like other species in its genus (Menegon and Loader 2004; Orton 1949).
Trends and Threats
Relation to Humans
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Menegon, M., Salvidio, S., and Loader, S. P. (2004). ''Five new species of Nectophrynoides Noble 1926 (Amphibia Anura Bufonidae) from the Eastern Arc Mountains, Tanzania.'' Tropical Zoology, 17, 97-121.
Menegon, Michele and Loader S. (2004). Nectophrynoides vestergaardi. In: IUCN 2010. 2010 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 18 May 2010
Orton, G.L. (1949). "Larval development of Nectophrynoides tomieri (Raux), with comments on direct development in frogs." Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 31, 257-278.
Originally submitted by: Jacob Elstad (first posted 2011-06-23)
Life history by: Michelle S. Koo (updated 2023-02-26)
Edited by: Brent Nguyen, Michelle S. Koo (2023-02-26)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2023 Nectophrynoides vestergaardi: Vestergaard's Forest Toad <https://amphibiaweb.org/species/6332> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Jun 2, 2023.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2023. <https://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 2 Jun 2023.
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