AmphibiaWeb - Pseudoeurycea lynchi


(Translations may not be accurate.)

Pseudoeurycea lynchi Parra-Olea, Papenfuss & Wake, 2001
Veracruz Green Salamander
family: Plethodontidae
subfamily: Hemidactyliinae
genus: Pseudoeurycea

© 2009 Sean Michael Rovito (1 of 10)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN Red List Status Account Endangered (EN)
National Status None
Regional Status None



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Pseudoeurycea lynchi, known from only 3 populations, had previously been considered to be another population of Pseudoeurycea nigromaculata. This species is relatively small (adult male SVL 40.6-58.3 mm, female SVL 41.2-53.5 mm), but can be distinguished from its congeners by its dark green, green-ochre, pale yellow-green, or tannish yellow dorsum, usually with many black spots and short streaks. Ventrally black. A V-shaped, yellowish band is present between the eyes in some individuals. Iris is coppery gold. P. lynchi can be distinguished from its sister taxon, P. nigromaculata, by having a more robust body, somewhat fewer maxillary (75 vs. 89 in adults) and more numerous vomerine (36 vs. 31) teeth. Snout is broadly rounded and more truncate in males than in females. Costal folds 13, counting one each in axilla and groin. Limbs are relatively long, digits typically meet when limbs adpressed to side of trunk in males, or only slightly separated by approxamitely one-half costal interspace, in females, adpressed limbs fail to meet by one-half to one and one-half costal interspaces. Digits, in order of decreasing length: fingers 3-2-4-1, toes 3-4-2-5-1. Tail approximately 86-115%; Premaxillary teeth 2-7 and enlarged in adult, 10-15 and smaller in females. The type locality at Cerro San Pedro (2160 m), species has also been found elevation 2050-2300 m near the escarpment on the slopes of mountains close Cerro Cofre de Perote in near village of La Joya (Parra-Olea et al. 2001).

Distribution and Habitat

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Mexico


View distribution map in BerkeleyMapper.
This species is only known from 3 populations in the central Sierra Madre Oriental where it ranges widely.

Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
All specimens occur in cloud forest where it is found only in, or under, decaying wood and under the bark fo logs. Specimens are mesophilic, found in Pine and Oak forests.


Parra-Olea, G., Papenfuss, T.J., and Wake, D.B. (2001). ''New species of lungless salamanders of the genus Pseudoeurycea (Amphibia: Caudata: Plethodontidae) from Veracruz, Mexico.'' Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, 20, 1-9.

Originally submitted by: Raul E. Diaz (first posted 2004-06-04)
Edited by: Tate Tunstall (2004-09-01)

Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2004 Pseudoeurycea lynchi: Veracruz Green Salamander <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Apr 15, 2024.

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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2024. <> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 15 Apr 2024.

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