AMPHIBIAWEB
Duttaphrynus melanostictus
Southeast Asian Toad, Asian Common Toad, Spectacled Toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2011 Martin Pickersgill (1 of 65)

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Viet Nam

Malaysian region distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

IUCN (Red List) status: Least Concern (LC).
For Red List information on this species, see the IUCN species account.

Comments
In Pakistan, this toad is a highland species and does not extend in the Indus Valley.

Recent geographic, genetic and ecological analysis show that Duttaphrynus melanostictus is comprised of three distinct lineages: Asian mainland, coastal Myanmar, and Sundaic islands. Likely these lineages represent at least three and possibly multiple species, which have higher conservation value than currently recognized. The species complex has been introduced to such distant places as Borneo, Sulawesi and Seram, and even Madagascar (Wogan et al 2015). However, more work is required to determine species delineations and even which species have been introduced.


Fei, L. 1999. Atlas of Amphibians of China.




From M.S.Khan.



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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 17 Oct 2017.

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