This species is known only from two sites in the Montana de Celaque, Departments of Lempira and Ocopepeque, western Honduras, at 1,400-1,840m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives on the ground along mountain streams in premontane and lower montane moist forest. It presumably breeds by direct development, with eggs laid on land.
It has always been extremely rare, and might now be extinct.
All streamside Craugastor known to occur above 900m asl have disappeared in Honduras for reasons that remain unclear, although infection with chytridiomycosis is clearly a possibility. Other threats include agricultural encroachment, wood extraction, forest fires, water pollution, and landslides.
One of the two recorded sites is in Parque Nacional Celaque. In view of the likely threat of chytridiomycosis, it is a very high priority to conduct surveys to relocate this species and determine its current population status; surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.
This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).
Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie 2004. Craugastor anciano. In: IUCN 2014