This species is restricted to north-western Olancho, Honduras, at elevations of 1,180-1,350m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This species can be found in premontane moist forest, where it has been found in leaf-litter near streams. It breeds by direct development.
It used to be relatively common but it is now in decline. Fieldwork within the range of this species in 2001 failed to turn up this species.
The precise reasons for the decline of this species are unclear. However, some other species in the genus that are associated with high-elevation streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, and so this might be a major threat to this species.
The entire range of this species is within Parque Nacional Muralla. Further research is needed into the reasons for the species' decline, and additional survey work is required to assess its current population status. If the risk of chytridiomycosis proves real, surviving individuals might need to form the basis for the establishment of an ex-situ population.
Larry David Wilson, Josiah Townsend 2004. Craugastor olanchano. In: IUCN 2014