AMPHIBIAWEB
Craugastor taurus

Subgenus: Craugastor
family: Craugastoridae

© 2007 Twan Leenders (1 of 3)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
CITES No CITES Listing
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Costa Rica, Panama

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species is known from south-western Costa Rica and extreme south-western Panama, at elevations of 25-525m asl (Savage 2002).

Habitat and Ecology

A nocturnal species associated with rocky areas of streams in humid lowland forest. It breeds via direct development.

Population

This is a large species, unlikely to be overlooked, that was formerly very abundant. Since 2000, extensive field work within distribution has revealed only a single individual (photographed in 2001 in Esquinas, Osa Peninsula) (Gerardo Chaves and Brain Kubicki pers. comm. 2007).

Population Trend

Decreasing

Major Threats

A number of other species of the genus Craugastor have suffered serious recent declines, perhaps due to chytridiomycosis. It was suggested during an earlier version of the GAA (2004) that as this species occurs at lower elevations than some of these affected congeners, it might have been at lower risk of infection. However, recent surveys have now located only a single individiual, and it appears as though chytridiomycosis, or a similar disease or event, has resulting in the drastic decline of the population. Outside protected areas, the main threat is habitat loss due to logging.

Conservation Actions

Within Costa Rica this species has been recorded from Parque Nacional Corcovado and the Reserva Biólogica el Naranjal; it is not recorded from any protected areas in Panama. Studies are needed to determine the reasons behind the drastic decline, possibly through the disease chytridiomycosis, in this species. Further field studies are urgently needed to locate any remaining individuals.

Taxonomic Notes

This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).

Citation

Solís, F., Ibáñez, R., Chaves, G., Savage, J., Bolaños, F., Jaramillo, C., Fuenmayor, Q. & Kubicki, B. 2008. Craugastor taurus. In: IUCN 2014

 

IUCN Terms of Use