Duttaphrynus hololius
Günther’s toad or rock toad
family: Bufonidae

© 2017 S.R. Ganesh (1 of 4)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Data Deficient (DD)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species is known from above 200m asl in a small number of widely separated localities in Chittor and Nellore (Satyamurti 1967), and Nagarjuna Sagar Tiger Reserve (Pillai and Ravichandran 1986), in the state of Andhra Pradesh in southern India. Intervening areas are devoid of records, though it might yet be found more widely. Its occurrence in the Western Ghats requires further clarification.

Habitat and Ecology

Very little is known about its habitat and ecology, although it presumably breeds in water by larval development.


There are no recent records for this species, which has a fragmented population that is believed to be declining. There are no quantitative estimates of its population status or trends.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The threats to this species are unknown, but presumably include habitat loss.

Conservation Actions

It has been recorded from Nagarjuna Sagar Tiger Reserve in Andhra Pradesh (Pillai and Ravichandran 1996) but reports from Bannerghatta National Park in Karnataka require verification. Recent regional studies including this species have been undertaken by Ravichandran. The actual presence of taxa referable to this species at the recorded localities requires investigation.


S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Karthikeyan Vasudevan, S.P. Vijayakumar, Chelmala Srinivasulu, Gajanan Dasaramji Bhuddhe 2004. Duttaphrynus hololius. In: IUCN 2014


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