This species is widely distributed in the upper Amazon basin of Ecuador, Peru, Colombia and western Brazil, however it is not present in Bolivia. A lowland species, its altitudinal range is generally below 1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
This rare, diurnal and nocturnal species has been found in Terra Firme forest, where it can be collected in leaf-litter but is sometimes found in the top of high trees in tropical rainforest. It is generally found only in undisturbed forests (Rodríguez and Duellman, 1994). It breeds by direct development on the dorsum of the adult frog. It is probably a specialized predator on other frog species that only survives in areas of high frog density.
This is a cryptic species.
It has no major threats, and is a widespread species with large areas of suitable habitat remaining. There is some localized habitat loss to different human activities such as agriculture (crops, livestock etc.) and selective logging.
The range of this species includes a few protected areas. In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with Parque Nacional Yasuní, Parque Nacional Sumaco Napo-Galeras, Parque Nacional Llanganates, and Parque Nacional Sangay. It is present in Parque Nacional Manu, Peru; Parque Nacional Natural Amacayacu and Parque Natural el Pure. It is also present in a number of protected areas in Brazil.
This genus has recently been moved from the family Hylidae (Faivovich, et al., 2005).
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos 2004. Hemiphractus scutatus. In: IUCN 2014