This species is known only from the vicinity of the type locality of Tarapoto-Yurimaguas Road, 700m asl (San Martín Department), Peru. It is presumed to have a restricted distribution.
Habitat and Ecology
Its habitat is lowland primary tropical rainforest, and eggs are laid under leaf-litter and the larvae are transported to small streams. Nothing is known about its adaptability to modified habitats.
It is not very common.
The major threat to the species is general habitat loss resulting from various human activities; local people use the area for recreation and there are lots of settlements, with agricultural development, in lower areas. The species has been recorded in trade. Specimens presumably originated from illegal collection by tourists, although they may have been captive bred. However, the species has not been seen in the commercial trade over the last fifteen years.
It is not present in any protected areas, and there is an urgent need to both encourage the protection of remaining lowland habitat as well as establish a conservation management plan that includes some form of legislation concerning trade.
It is listed on CITES Appendix II (as Cryptophyllobates azureiventris).
Javier Icochea, Ariadne Angulo, Karl-Heinz Jungfer, Stefan Lötters, Wilfredo Arizabal, Jorge Luis Martinez 2004. Hyloxalus azureiventris. In: IUCN 2014