This species is known from the type locality, 3km west of Pilaló on the Quevedo-Latacungo road, Cotopaxi Province, Ecuador, and from a nearby site on the western slopes of the Andes, between 1,760-2,430m asl. It is likely to occur more widely than this.
Habitat and Ecology
Its range lies within very humid premontane forest and low humid montane forest. The annual mean precipitation is 2000-4000mm in the very humid premontane forest, and 1,000-2,000mm in the low humid montane forest. The annual mean temperature is 18-24°C in the very humid premontane forest, and 12-18°C in the low humid montane forest (Coloma 1995). Reproduction probably occurs by the females laying eggs on the ground, and the males bringing the larvae to streams for their continued development.
There is no information on the population status of this species, which has not been found since its original description, although perhaps it has not been searched for.
Habitat destruction and degradation due to agricultural expansion and logging are the major threats to this species.
It is not known to occur in any protected areas.
Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2004. Hyloxalus fallax. In: IUCN 2014