This species is known only from La Brea, near Patia River, Guangui, Cauca Department, in the Pacific lowlands of Colombia, where it has been recorded between 50 and 200m asl. It is not known if it occurs more widely.
Habitat and Ecology
This species lives mainly on the ground in undisturbed, lowland rainforest, but it can also be found perching on leaves at different levels above the ground. There are no degraded habitats within its tiny known range, and so its adaptability to secondary habitats is unknown. There is no information on its breeding habits, but it is likely to be similar to Dendrobates histrionicus, where the eggs are laid on the ground, and the larvae are transported to bromeliads by the female.
It appears to be uncommon in its only known locality.
There is little direct information on threats to this species, but the major threats are likely to include deforestation due to agricultural development, cultivation of illegal crops, logging, and human settlement, and also pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. This species has never been involved in the international pet trade.
Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July 1985 forbids the collection of Dendrobates spp. from the wild for breeding (or other) purposes.
This species is considered to be a derivative of Oophaga histrionica by Myers and Daly (1976).
Wilmar Bolívar, Fernando Castro, Stefan Lötters 2004. Oophaga occultator. In: IUCN 2014