Spiny Warty Toothed Toad
The male is 55 mm and the female is 59 mm in body length. This species has vertical pupils. It lacks a visible tympanum. Maxillary teeth are developed. The back is full of spiny tubercles of varying size. The femoral gland is not obvious. The back legs are relatively short, with the tibiotarsal articulation extending to the back corner of the eye. There is a wide fringe on the sides of the toes, and the fourth toe is 1/3 webbed. The dorsum is yellowish brown, with relatively dark-colored tubercles. The piebald marking is usually not obvious. An indistinct brown mark occurs towards the shoulders and interorbital space. Limbs have indistinct bands. The ventrum is yellowish white or has thin, light gray speckles. The male has nuptial spines on the first and second fingers, and a pair of closely spaced, large spine clusters on the chest. The spines are thin and densely clustered.
Tadpoles are 62 mm in body length and 23 mm in head length. The tail is black. The upper part of the caudal fin lacks rusty speckling. The labial tooth row formula is I: 5-5(or 4-4)/I:4-4. The center of the upper lip lacks 3 papillae. The corners of the mouth have many additional papillae, with some more keratinized (Fei 1999).
Distribution and Habitat
Life History, Abundance, Activity, and Special Behaviors
Trends and Threats
Possible reasons for amphibian decline
General habitat alteration and loss
Fei, L. (1999). Atlas of Amphibians of China. Henan Publishing House of Science and Technology, Zhengzhou.
IUCN, Conservation International, and NatureServe. 2006. Global Amphibian Assessment. www.globalamphibians.org. Accessed on 06 July 2007.
Written by Sijie Mao (smao AT berkeley.edu), URAP
First submitted 2007-05-03
Edited by Kellie Whittaker (2007-07-06)
Species Account Citation: AmphibiaWeb 2007 Oreolalax granulosus: Spiny Warty Toothed Toad <http://amphibiaweb.org/species/5299> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed Oct 21, 2017.
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Citation: AmphibiaWeb. 2017. <http://amphibiaweb.org> University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. Accessed 21 Oct 2017.
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