This species is only known from three very small distributional pockets (Pinar del Río Province, Sierra de Trinidad, and Sierra del Guaso) in Cuba, and each of these may turn out to be separate species. It has been recorded from 100-820m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It is found in upland pinewoods and mesic broadleaf forest, and is terrestrial by day but may be arboreal at night. It has not been recorded outside forest habitat, and is always found by streams. Males call while floating on the surface of water. Eggs are laid in streams, where the larvae also develop.
It is generally an uncommon species, although one population in the west is known to be very abundant. However, the eastern population has not been found again since it was first described in the early 1900s.
There is ongoing habitat loss in the upland woodlands in which it occurs from clear-cutting and subsistence logging, charcoaling, fires, and agricultural expansion.
Its range includes several protected areas, although these areas do not provide sufficient protection for the species. Improved management of these reserves, and strengthened protection of the remaining forest habitat, is required.
Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Peltophryne longinasus. In: IUCN 2014