This species occurs on the western slopes of the Cordillera Occidental in Colombia, along the Río San Juan drainage south to the Río Raposo, in Choco and Valle del Cauca Departments, between 90 and 1,000m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It lives on the ground in humid lowland and submontane forests, and is found in primary and secondary forest, but not in degraded areas. The eggs are laid in leaf-litter, and the male takes the larvae to slow-flowing water.
It is a very abundant species.
The major threats are: deforestation due to agricultural development, cultivation of illegal crops, logging, and human settlement; introduction of alien predatory fish in streams; and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. It sometimes occurs in very small numbers in international trade.
It is not known from any protected areas. Management practices that could allow a commercial, sustainable harvest should be investigated. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Phyllobates spp. from the wild in Colombia for breeding (or other) purposes. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.
Wilmar Bolívar, Taran Grant, Stefan Lötters, Fernando Castro 2004. Phyllobates aurotaenia. In: IUCN 2014