This species is found in the dry Amazonian slopes of the Andes and lowlands of eastern Dept. of Santa Cruz (Bolivia); northern Argentina; and western Mato Grosso and Rôndonia, Brazil. Its altitudinal range is 200-1,800m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in tropical dry forest, and edge situations close to rainforests. Males call at night from vegetation. The eggs are attached to leaves in vegetation above temporary pools, and hatched tadpoles drop in to the water below where they develop. They have also been observed breeding in artificial ponds in Parque Nacional Calilegua.
It is common throughout most of its range.
Habitat destruction caused by agricultural practices (including fire) and wood extraction.
Taxonomic work is needed to determine the status of the populations in Rôndonia. It occurs in several protected areas.
This form is probably a complex of more than one species that requires taxonomic investigation.
Ignacio De la Riva, Guarino Colli, Esteban Lavilla 2010. Phyllomedusa boliviana. In: IUCN 2014