This species can be found in extreme south-western Chiapas, Mexico, southward to northern Pacific Guatemala from 1,700-2,200m asl.
Habitat and Ecology
It occurs in cloud forests and is commonly found in vegetation along mountain streams.
It is uncommon in Guatemala and rare at one location in Chiapas.
Deforestation and transformation of native forest to agricultural areas represents the main threat. Chytridiomycosis is also a threat to this species, as it is a high-elevation, stream-breeder, and declines due to the disease have already been detected amongst other species of this genus in this region.
This species is not known to occur in any protected area, and protection of remaining cloud forest habitat in southern Chiapas is urgently needed. Given the possible threat of chytridiomycosis, the establishment of a captive-breeding programme might be necessary. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).
Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez, Manuel Acevedo, Antonio Muñoz Alonso, Joseph Mendelson III 2006. Plectrohyla avia. In: IUCN 2014