AMPHIBIAWEB
Plectrohyla guatemalensis
family: Hylidae
subfamily: Hylinae

© 2012 Javier Sunyer (1 of 7)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Critically Endangered (CR)
CITES
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico

 

View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.

   

From the IUCN Red List Species Account:

 

Range Description

This species occurs on both versants from south-eastern Chiapas, Mexico, to east-central Honduras. Its altitudinal range is 950-2,600 m asl.

Habitat and Ecology

This stream-breeding species inhabits cloud forests and premontane and lower montane forest. It is associated with cascading mountain streams.

Population

It is still relatively common in Honduras, but, while formerly common, it is now uncommon in Guatemala and El Salvador. It has not been recorded in Mexico since 1944, and recent surveys to locate it have been unsuccessful.

Population Trend

Decreasing

Major Threats

Although it tolerates moderate habitat destruction, loss of original forest cover affects the microhabitat of this species. In Honduras, tadpoles have been found with deformed mouthparts, indicating chytridiomycosis. This is probably the explanation for the observed declines in the species in recent years.

Conservation Actions

There is protection of the cloud forests in southern Mexico and it occurs in several parks in Honduras, one in Guatemala, and one in El Salvador. However, given the threat of chytridiomycosis, a captive-breeding programme might need to be established.

Citation

Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez 2010. Plectrohyla guatemalensis. In: IUCN 2014

 

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