Pristimantis pugnax
family: Strabomantidae
subfamily: Pristimantinae

© 2010 Division of Herpetology, University of Kansas (1 of 1)
Conservation Status (definitions)
IUCN (Red List) Status Vulnerable (VU)
Other International Status None
National Status None
Regional Status None

Country distribution from AmphibiaWeb's database: Colombia, Ecuador


View distribution map using BerkeleyMapper.


From the IUCN Red List Species Account:


Range Description

This species can be found at 1,660-3,300m asl on the eastern face of the Andes in northern Ecuador (Sucumbios and Napo provinces) and southern Colombia (Caquetá and Putumayo departments). It is likely to be a little more widespread, in particular in areas between known sites.

Habitat and Ecology

This is a nocturnal, cloud forest species. Its ability to adapt to modified habitats is unknown. It is strongly associated with water and the edges of streams; some individuals occur on riparian vegetation, but the majority occurs on rocks in the watercourses. During the day it is possible to find them under rocks. It is presumed to breed by direct development, but the site of egg deposition is not known.


This species is reasonably common, and was found in great abundance along the road above western Caquetá in every stream in a transect in 1990.

Population Trend


Major Threats

The major threat is habitat loss caused by logging and agricultural development (livestock and illegal crops).

Conservation Actions

In Colombia it occurs in Parque Nacional Natural Alto Fragua. In Ecuador, its range overlaps with Reserva Ecológica Cayambe-Coca, and Reserva Ecológica Antisana.


Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, Santiago Ron, Luis A. Coloma, John Lynch 2010. Pristimantis pugnax. In: IUCN 2014


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